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RFC 4698 - IRIS: An Address Registry (areg) Type for the Int(4)

时间:2006-11-02 来源: 作者: 点击:
[4]Newton,A.,"CrossRegistryInternetServiceProtocol(CRISP) Requirements",RFC3707,February2004. 11.2.InformativeReferences [5]WorldWideWebConsortium,"ExtensibleMarkupLanguage(XML) 1.0",W3CXML,February1
  

   [4]  Newton, A., "Cross Registry Internet Service Protocol (CRISP)
        Requirements", RFC 3707, February 2004.

11.2.  Informative References

   [5]  World Wide Web Consortium, "Extensible Markup Language (XML)
        1.0", W3C XML, February 1998,
        <http://www.w3.org/TR/1998/REC-xml-19980210>.

   [6]  World Wide Web Consortium, "Namespaces in XML", W3C XML
        Namespaces, January 1999,
        <http://www.w3.org/TR/1999/REC-xml-names-19990114>.

   [7]  World Wide Web Consortium, "XML Schema Part 2: Datatypes",
        W3C XML Schema, October 2000,
        <http://www.w3.org/TR/2001/REC-xmlschema-2-20010502/>.

   [8]  World Wide Web Consortium, "XML Schema Part 1: Structures",
        W3C XML Schema, October 2000,
        <http://www.w3.org/TR/2001/REC-xmlschema-1-20010502/>.

   [9]  International Organization for Standardization, "Codes for the
        representation of names of countries, 3rd edition", ISO Standard
        3166, August 1988.

Appendix A.  Privacy Considerations

   Internet address registries store contact details and other
   information that may be abused.  The XML Schema defined in this
   document purposefully makes the inclusion of any data in a response
   an option that is dependent on the needs and policies of the Internet
   address registry serving the data.

   Combined with the authentication mechanisms of an IRIS transfer
   protocol, Internet address registries may derive authorization
   policies to meet their needs without compromising general privacy
   policies.  As an example, the constituents of an Internet address
   registry may create a policy whereby NOC contact email addresses are
   only to be available to members of the Internet address registry.  To
   institute this policy, the XML elements for NOC contacts will never
   appear in a response to a user that has not been authenticated to be
   a member of the Internet address registry.

Appendix B.  Example Requests and Responses

   The examples in this section use the string "C:" to denote data sent
   by a client to a server and the string "S:" to denote data sent by a
   server to a client.

B.1.  Example 1

   The following is an example of entity lookup for the contact-handle
   of ’JN560-RIR1’.

   C: <?xml version="1.0"?>
   C: <request xmlns="urn:ietf:params:xml:ns:iris1"
   C:   xmlns:xsi="http://www.w3.org/2001/XMLSchema-instance"
   C:   xsi:schemaLocation="urn:ietf:params:xml:ns:iris1 iris.xsd" >
   C:
   C:   <searchSet>
   C:
   C:     <lookupEntity
   C:       registryType="urn:ietf:params:xml:ns:areg1"
   C:       entityClass="contact-handle"
   C:       entityName="JN560-RIR1" />
   C:
   C:   </searchSet>
   C:
   C: </request>

   S: <?xml version="1.0"?>
   S: <iris:response
   S:   xmlns:iris="urn:ietf:params:xml:ns:iris1"

   S:   xmlns="urn:ietf:params:xml:ns:areg1"
   S:   xmlns:xsi="http://www.w3.org/2001/XMLSchema-instance">
   S:
   S:   <iris:resultSet>
   S:     <iris:answer>
   S:
   S:       <contact
   S:         authority="rir.example.net"
   S:         registryType="areg1"
   S:         entityClass="contact-handle"
   S:         entityName="JN560-RIR1">
   S:
   S:         <contactHandle>JN560-RIR1</contactHandle>
   S:
   S:         <commonName>Bob Smurd</commonName>
   S:
   S:         <organization
   S:           iris:referentType="organization"
   S:           authority="rir.example.net"
   S:           registryType="areg1"
   S:           entityClass="organization-id"
   S:           entityName="ORGX">
   S:           <iris:displayName
   S:             language="en">
   S:             Organization X, Inc.
   S:           </iris:displayName>
   S:         </organization>
   S:
   S:         <phone>
   S:           <number>+1-703-555-5555</number>
   S:           <type>office</type>
   S:         </phone>
   S:
   S:       </contact>
   S:
   S:     </iris:answer>
   S:   </iris:resultSet>
   S:
   S: </iris:response>

                           Figure 11: Example 1

B.2.  Example 2

   The following example shows a query to find the IP networks
   containing a given address.

   C: <?xml version="1.0"?>
   C: <request xmlns="urn:ietf:params:xml:ns:iris1"
   C:          xmlns:xsi="http://www.w3.org/2001/XMLSchema-instance">
   C:
   C:   <searchSet>
   C:     <findNetworksByAddress
   C:       xmlns="urn:ietf:params:xml:ns:areg1">
   C:
   C:       <ipv4Address>
   C:         <start>192.0.2.134</start>
   C:       </ipv4Address>
   C:
   C:       <specificity
   C:         allowEquivalences="true"
   C:         >one-level-less-specific</specificity>
   C:
   C:     </findNetworksByAddress>
   C:   </searchSet>
   C:
   C: </request>

   S: <?xml version="1.0"?>
   S: <iris:response xmlns:iris="urn:ietf:params:xml:ns:iris1"
   S:   xmlns:xsi="http://www.w3.org/2001/XMLSchema-instance">
   S:
   S:   <iris:resultSet>
   S:     <iris:answer>
   S:       <areg:ipv4Network
   S:         xmlns="urn:ietf:params:xml:ns:areg1"
   S:         xmlns:areg="urn:ietf:params:xml:ns:areg1"
   S:         xsi:schemaLocation="urn:ietf:params:xml:ns:areg1 areg.xsd"
   S:         authority="rir.example.net" registryType="areg1"
   S:         entityClass="ipv4-handle" entityName="NET-192-0-2-128-1" >
   S:         <networkHandle>
   S:           NET-192-0-2-128-1
   S:         </networkHandle>
   S:         <name>
   S:           UU-192-0-2-D6
   S:         </name>
   S:         <startAddress>
   S:           192.0.2.128
   S:         </startAddress>
   S:         <endAddress>

   S:           192.0.2.255
   S:         </endAddress>
   S:         <networkType>reassigned</networkType>
   S:         <organization
   S:           iris:referentType="areg:organization"
   S:           authority="rir.example.net" registryType="areg1"
   S:           entityClass="organization-id" entityName="ORGX">
   S:           <iris:displayName language="en">
   S:             Organization X, Inc.
   S:           </iris:displayName>
   S:         </organization>
   S:         <parent
   S:           iris:referentType="areg:ipv4Network"
   S:           authority="rir.example.net" registryType="areg1"
   S:           entityClass="ipv4-handle" entityName="NET-192-0-2-0-1"/>
   S:         <techContact
   S:           iris:referentType="areg:contact"
   S:           authority="rir.example.net" registryType="areg1"
   S:           entityClass="contact-handle" entityName="JN560-RIR1">
   S:           <iris:displayName language="en">
   S:             Smurd, Bob
   S:           </iris:displayName>
   S:         </techContact>
   S:         <registrationDate>
   S:           2002-11-18T00:00:00-00:00
   S:         </registrationDate>
   S:         <lastUpdatedDate>
   S:           2002-11-18T00:00:00-00:00
   S:         </lastUpdatedDate>
   S:         <iris:seeAlso
   S:           iris:referentType="ANY"
   S:           authority="rir.example.net" registryType="areg1"
   S:           entityClass="local" entityName="portability-notice"/>
   S:       </areg:ipv4Network>
   S:       <areg:ipv4Network
   S:         xmlns="urn:ietf:params:xml:ns:areg1"
   S:         xmlns:areg="urn:ietf:params:xml:ns:areg1"
   S:         xsi:schemaLocation="urn:ietf:params:xml:ns:areg1 areg.xsd"
   S:         authority="rir.example.net" registryType="areg1"
   S:         entityClass="ipv4-handle" entityName="NET-192-0-2-0-2" >
   S:         <networkHandle>
   S:           NET-192-0-2-0-2
   S:         </networkHandle>
   S:         <name>
   S:           UU-192-0-2-0-D5
   S:         </name>
   S:         <startAddress>
   S:           192.0.2.0

   S:         </startAddress>
   S:         <endAddress>
   S:           192.0.2.255
   S:         </endAddress>
   S:         <networkType>direct allocation</networkType>
   S:         <nameServer>auth03.ns.example.org</nameServer>
   S:         <nameServer>auth00.ns.example.org</nameServer>
   S:         <organization
   S:           iris:referentType="areg:organization"
   S:           authority="rir.example.net" registryType="areg1"
   S:           entityClass="organization-id" entityName="ORGY">
   S:           <iris:displayName language="en">
   S:             Organization Y, Inc.
   S:           </iris:displayName>
   S:         </organization>
   S:         <parent
   S:           iris:referentType="areg:ipv4Network"
   S:           authority="rir.example.net" registryType="areg1"
   S:           entityClass="ipv4-handle" entityName="NET-192-0-2-0-1"/>
   S:         <techContact
   S:           iris:referentType="areg:contact"
   S:           authority="rir.example.net" registryType="areg1"
   S:           entityClass="contact-handle" entityName="OA12-RIR1" />
   S:         <registrationDate>
   S:           2000-10-27T00:00:00-00:00
   S:         </registrationDate>
   S:         <lastUpdatedDate>
   S:           2002-02-13T00:00:00-00:00
   S:         </lastUpdatedDate>
   S:         <iris:seeAlso
   S:           iris:referentType="ANY"
   S:           authority="rir.example.net" registryType="areg1"
   S:           entityClass="local" entityName="portability-notice"/>
   S:       </areg:ipv4Network>
   S:     </iris:answer>
   S:     <iris:additional>
   S:       <iris:simpleEntity
   S:         authority="rir.example.net" registryType="areg1"
   S:         entityClass="local" entityName="portability-notice" >
   S:         <iris:property name="portability" language="en">
   S:           Addresses within this block are non-portable.
   S:         </iris:property>

   S:       </iris:simpleEntity>
   S:     </iris:additional>
   S:   </iris:resultSet>
   S:
   S: </iris:response>

                           Figure 12: Example 2

Appendix C.  Specificity Examples

   This section includes examples to clarify specificity options for
   network and ASN searches.

   A    |------------------|                     192.0.2.0  - 192.0.2.15

   B                        |------------------| 192.0.2.16 - 192.0.2.31

   C    |--------------|                         192.0.2.0  - 192.0.2.9

   D                        |---------------|    192.0.2.16 - 192.0.2.30

   E                        |---------------|    192.0.2.16 - 192.0.2.30

   F    |--------|                               192.0.2.0  - 192.0.2.5

   G              |----|                         192.0.2.6  - 192.0.2.9

                        Contents of the DB

                     Figure 13: Specificity Example 1

   A    |------------------|                     192.0.2.0  - 192.0.2.15

   B                        |------------------| 192.0.2.16 - 192.0.2.31

   C    |--------------|                         192.0.2.0  - 192.0.2.9

   D                        |---------------|    192.0.2.16 - 192.0.2.30

   E                        |---------------|    192.0.2.16 - 192.0.2.30

   F    |--------|                               192.0.2.0  - 192.0.2.5

   G              |----|                         192.0.2.6  - 192.0.2.9

   Query|- - - - - - - |                         192.0.2.0  - 192.0.2.9

                        Exact match (1)

                        Result: C

                     Figure 14: Specificity Example 2

   A    |------------------|                     192.0.2.0  - 192.0.2.15

   B                        |------------------| 192.0.2.16 - 192.0.2.31

   C    |--------------|                         192.0.2.0  - 192.0.2.9

   D                        |---------------|    192.0.2.16 - 192.0.2.30

   E                        |---------------|    192.0.2.16 - 192.0.2.30

   F    |--------|                               192.0.2.0  - 192.0.2.5

   G              |----|                         192.0.2.6  - 192.0.2.9

   Query|- - - - - - - - |                       192.0.2.0  - 192.0.2.12

                         Exact match (2)

                         Result: None

                     Figure 15: Specificity Example 3

   A    |------------------|                     192.0.2.0  - 192.0.2.15

   B                        |------------------| 192.0.2.16 - 192.0.2.31

   C    |--------------|                         192.0.2.0  - 192.0.2.9

   D                        |---------------|    192.0.2.16 - 192.0.2.30

   E                        |---------------|    192.0.2.16 - 192.0.2.30

   F    |--------|                               192.0.2.0  - 192.0.2.5

   G              |----|                         192.0.2.6  - 192.0.2.9

   Query|- - - - - - - - - |                     192.0.2.0  - 192.0.2.15

                All more specifics, allowEquivalences = false

                Result: C, F, & G (A is not included; exact match)

                     Figure 16: Specificity Example 4

   A    |------------------|                     192.0.2.0  - 192.0.2.15

   B                        |------------------| 192.0.2.16 - 192.0.2.31

   C    |--------------|                         192.0.2.0  - 192.0.2.9

   D                        |---------------|    192.0.2.16 - 192.0.2.30

   E                        |---------------|    192.0.2.16 - 192.0.2.30

   F    |--------|                               192.0.2.0  - 192.0.2.5

   G              |----|                         192.0.2.6  - 192.0.2.9

   Query|- - - - - - - - - |                     192.0.2.0  - 192.0.2.15

                All more specifics, allowEquivalences = true

                Result: A, C, F, & G (A is included; exact match)

                     Figure 17: Specificity Example 5

   A    |------------------|                     192.0.2.0  - 192.0.2.15

   B                        |------------------| 192.0.2.16 - 192.0.2.31

   C    |--------------|                         192.0.2.0  - 192.0.2.9

   D                        |---------------|    192.0.2.16 - 192.0.2.30

   E                        |---------------|    192.0.2.16 - 192.0.2.30

   F    |--------|                               192.0.2.0  - 192.0.2.5

   G              |----|                         192.0.2.6  - 192.0.2.9

   Query|- - - - - - - - - |                     192.0.2.0  - 192.0.2.15

                One level more specifics, allowEquivalences = false

                Result: C

                     Figure 18: Specificity Example 6

   A    |------------------|                     192.0.2.0  - 192.0.2.15

   B                        |------------------| 192.0.2.16 - 192.0.2.31

   C    |--------------|                         192.0.2.0  - 192.0.2.9

   D                        |---------------|    192.0.2.16 - 192.0.2.30

   E                        |---------------|    192.0.2.16 - 192.0.2.30

   F    |--------|                               192.0.2.0  - 192.0.2.5

   G              |----|                         192.0.2.6  - 192.0.2.9

   Query|- - - - - - - - - |                     192.0.2.0  - 192.0.2.15

                One level more specifics, allowEquivalences = true

                Result: A

                     Figure 19: Specificity Example 7

   A    |------------------|                     192.0.2.0  - 192.0.2.15

   B                        |------------------| 192.0.2.16 - 192.0.2.31

   C    |--------------|                         192.0.2.0  - 192.0.2.9

   D                        |---------------|    192.0.2.16 - 192.0.2.30

   E                        |---------------|    192.0.2.16 - 192.0.2.30

   F    |--------|                               192.0.2.0  - 192.0.2.5

   G              |----|                         192.0.2.6  - 192.0.2.9

   Query          |- - |                         192.0.2.6  - 192.0.2.9

                All less specifics, allowEquivalences = true

                Result: A, C, & G (G is included; exact match)

                     Figure 20: Specificity Example 8

   A    |------------------|                     192.0.2.0  - 192.0.2.15

   B                        |------------------| 192.0.2.16 - 192.0.2.31

   C    |--------------|                         192.0.2.0  - 192.0.2.9

   D                        |---------------|    192.0.2.16 - 192.0.2.30

   E                        |---------------|    192.0.2.16 - 192.0.2.30

   F    |--------|                               192.0.2.0  - 192.0.2.5

   G              |----|                         192.0.2.6  - 192.0.2.9

   Query          |- - |                         192.0.2.6  - 192.0.2.9

                All less specifics, allowEquivalences = false

                Result: A & C (G is not included; exact match)

                     Figure 21: Specificity Example 9

   A    |------------------|                     192.0.2.0  - 192.0.2.15

   B                        |------------------| 192.0.2.16 - 192.0.2.31

   C    |--------------|                         192.0.2.0  - 192.0.2.9

   D                        |---------------|    192.0.2.16 - 192.0.2.30

   E                        |---------------|    192.0.2.16 - 192.0.2.30

   F    |--------|                               192.0.2.0  - 192.0.2.5

   G              |----|                         192.0.2.6  - 192.0.2.9

   Query          |- - |                         192.0.2.6  - 192.0.2.9

                One level less specifics, allowEquivalences = true

                Result: G (the exact match)

                     Figure 22: Specificity Example 10

   A    |------------------|                     192.0.2.0  - 192.0.2.15

   B                        |------------------| 192.0.2.16 - 192.0.2.31

   C    |--------------|                         192.0.2.0  - 192.0.2.9

   D                        |---------------|    192.0.2.16 - 192.0.2.30
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